Below are five proven classroom management tips that will ensure a positive environment for students and teachers:
Know your students: This is one of the most important components of classroom management. Establishing a rapport with your students will allow you to communicate effectively with parents/guardians, create engaging instruction, and be able to fill in the gaps when they need support.
Establish expectations: In order for students to know what teachers expect of them, teachers should devise no more than six rules which should be reviewed daily, especially at the beginning of the day and during transitions. One way to hold students accountable for following rules is to include them in the creation process. Also, reinforcing expectations daily will go a long way toward motivating students to abide by them.
Talk Less: When correcting problem behaviors, remember to use a calm tone and rely on visual cues and limit your verbal language. Be positive and use short simple phrases like “sit please” rather than “don’t get out of your seat again.”
Avoid power struggles: If a student is challenging authority, it is important to avoid an argument. One method to avoid a power struggle is to offer forced choices. For instance, for a student who is not starting on an assignment, “You can start work now or you can begin after two minutes.” Set limits for what the student will do in the two minutes he/she is not starting work. Say to the student, “Since you would like a two minute break, you can sit quietly at your desk until the timer goes off.” Ultimately, if you have established your expectations and reinforced them consistently, you have successfully set limits for your students to follow.
Differentiate using best practices: Just as teachers differentiate instruction, they want to differentiate behavior management. Students are unique and come to us with various backgrounds. Therefore, when applying best practice behavior management strategies, remember one size does not fit all.